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Kensington Primary School

Kensington Primary School




Science is a highly valued area of the curriculum at Kensington Primary school and is taught in line with the new National curriculum. Through Science we aim to develop curiosity, enjoyment, skills and a growing understanding of scientific knowledge in all of our pupils by allowing them to raise questions and investigate the world in which they live. As a result, children gain a solid scientific knowledge and understanding as well as developing the skills necessary for testing and investigating.

What is Science?

Through the study of: Physics, Biology and Chemistry, Science is the beginning of understanding the world around us. Science helps children to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.


The aims of teaching Science at KPS are:

  • To develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
  • To develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help children to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
  • To equip children with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Working Scientifically

Working scientifically specifies the understanding of the nature, processes and methods of Science and underpins the teaching of Science at Kensington Primary School. Working scientifically skills are embedded into the curriculum through the following lines of enquiry:

  • observing over time
  • pattern seeking
  • identifying
  • classifying and grouping
  • comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations)
  • researching using secondary sources.

Science Overview

  Autumn 1 Autumn2 Spring1 Spring 2 Summer 1 Summer 2

Healthy Eating

Ourselves & human body

To recognise and categorise different animals within the local area and on a farm.

To visit a farm.


Effects of exercise on our bodies

Growing and Living things

Measuring length and height (standard and non-standard)

Life Cycles

Year 1

To name body parts and their functions.

To understand why I need to clean my teeth.

To understand why I need to wash my body.

To recognise that my body feels different during and after exercise.

To know the importance of eating fruit and vegetables. (FT – Fruit salads)

To identify hazards around me.

To know how to get help if someone is hurt.

To know why we sometimes take medicine

To know that we sometimes visit doctors and hospitals when unwell or hurt.

To recognise and categorise different animals within the local area and on a park

To visit a park

To know that some animals eat meat and others do not.

To explore and identify the properties of their materials and their uses.

To group materials into recyclable and non-recyclable.

To explore light and dark

To care for an indoor plant (sustainability, creating pots in DT)

To name basic parts of a plant. (ART)

To know that some plants grow inside and outside environments.

To observe plants outside of the school at different times of the year.

To grow a plant. (sustainability)
Year 2

To know that I’ve changed since birth.

To know that I will continue to change.

To identify changes between female and male animal bodies including humans.

To identify what animals need to survive (FT)

To describe the changes during and after exercise. (PE)

To know that looking after my body is important.

To know how to keep myself safe whilst in the sun.

(repeat in summer)

To explore how germs spread when I don’t wash my hands

To know the benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing.

To know how to call emergences services

To know how and when to use recovery position

To identify some hazardous substances.

To know asthma pumps are type of medication

To name and categorise animals that live in a local garden or pond.

To visit a pond.

To create a habitat for a minibeast.

To identify that animals have offspring.

To explore simple electrical circuits

To understand how electricity is created

To link keeping safe (health) to electricity

To care for an outdoor plant.

To identify the basic needs of a plant.

To know that some food grows in the ground, off a tree or a vine.

To grow a fruit or vegetable. (Sustainability)

To compare plants in the local area during different seasons
Year 3

To identify animals including humans, they need the right types and amount of nutrition/hydration

To create a range of healthy meals

To identify that animals cannot make their own food, they need nutrients from what they eat.

To understand the importance of exercise in to daily and weekly routine

To know that some animals have muscles for movement

To explore how muscles change as a result of regular exercise

To understand the importance of sufficient and good quality sleep for good health

To understand a lack of sleep can affect weight, mood and ability to learn.

To know regular eye checks are part of a healthy lifestyle

To know how to treat burns and scolds

To know the effects and risks of smoking

To visit a zoo/ adaptation

To explore the dietary requirements of different animals

To explore and recognise animals have evolved and adapted for environment

To identify common food chains

To investigate friction

To explore magnetic forces

To grow a plant in which you can see the bulb and roots. (aspidistra)

To label parts of the plants that grow underground.

To explore the impacts of light and water on different plants.

To visit different environments in which plants exists and explore the conditions.

To explore how water is transported within plants.

To design a bed or planter relevant to the conditions of the environment.
Year 4

To explore circulatory systems

To explore how nutrients are transported around body.

To describe simple functions of the digestive system.

To know that skeleton supports and protects the body

To know how nutrition impacts the skeleton

To know that adrenaline is created during exercise

To understand the effects of adrenaline

To explore the impact of sugar on the human body

To understand how sugar can be addictive

To explore tooth decay

To know how to reduce the risk of sun damage

To know how to treat head injuries

To recognise the signs of a heart attack /stroke (link to LIs about heart)

To know the effects and risks of alcohol

To explore how environments can change over time.

To explore how humans impact on the environment

To explore the impact of removing part of a food chain

To explore and visit different environments: local, marines, wider world

To investigate solids, liquids and gases

To explore the water cycle

To explore sound, including pitch, vibration, muffling and travelling

To know regular hearing checks are part of a healthy lifestyle

To categorise plants into categories such as flowering, non-flowering, ferns and mosses.

To visit environments in which the above can be found.

To design a bed that will flower throughout the year.

Year 5

To explore the science linked to the physical and emotional changes I feel after exercise.

To recognise early signs of physical illness such as weight loss and unexplained changes to the body

To know how and when to seek support if worried about health.

To know the characteristics of a poor diet.

To explore the risks associated with unhealthy eating.

To know the risk associated with inactive lifestyles including obesity

To know how my health impacts my learning

To explore how physical health impacts my emotional health

To describe the changes as humans develop to old age including puberty.

To explore importance of hygiene during puberty

To explore how lack of sleep affects the body.

To know how to help someone who is choking

To identify legal and illegal drugs

To describe and compare different life cycles

To recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring do vary and are not identical to the parents

To investigate different materials and their properties, for example: absorption

To investigate chemical and physical changes

To explore the movement of the earth and other planets in relation to the sun

To explore light and shadows

To know how seasons are formed

To explore the forces of: gravity, air resistance

To explore the lifecycle of a plant

To observe life cycle changes in a variety of plants, such as a vegetable garden and flowering plants.

To explore the effects of having no plants upon the planet.

Year 6

To understand calories and the nutritional content within different foods

To know how germs including bacteria and viruses are spread and treated.

To understand facts and science relate to immunisation and vaccination.

To understand the functions of the brain and nervous system

To understand how my brain changes whilst learning

To reduce the risk of sun damage including skin cancer

To understand the risk and the law regarding cannabis

To understand the risk and the law regarding VSA

To know how to get help, advice and support for drug abuse 

To explore the science linked to the long-term physical and emotional effects of a healthy lifestyle.

To know how and when to administer CPR

To understand how puberty links to reproduction

To explore the concept of reproduction and pregnancy

To understand the reproduction system in humans.

To recognise that living things have evolved over time.

To know that fossils provided information about living things that inhabited the earth millions of years ago

To investigate how electrical circuits work around the home.

To create an electrical circuit for a purpose.

To explore alternative forms of energy

To explore brightness of lamps or volume of a buzzer with the number of voltage of cells
To care for the plants within an allotment, responding to the needs of the environment at different points in the year.

Science Week

Every year we organise a Science Experience week with a particular focus, during which we have science presenters come in and host a variety of exciting workshops. Most importantly the children carry out a variety of fun, engaging investigations in and out of class in order to test and experience natural phenomena they might find  challenging to understand.

Science Club

From January we shall have Science club taking place where the children are given the opportunity to take part in some very exciting investigations.

Places to visit in London 

London has a wide variety of amazing places you can take your children to explore Science based activities, whilst spending quality time with you children:

  • Science Museum (free of charge)
  • Natural History Museum (free of charge)
  • London Zoo/ Aquarium
  • Local parks - mini beast/ plant hunts
  • New City farm
  • The Royal Observatory

Useful Science links for parents

Below are some websites where you can find fun, easy to manage investigations for you and your children to enjoy together:


  • Tapscott Learning Trust
  • Ofsted Outstanding Logo
  • Mental Health GOLD
  • Music Mark
  • RE Quality Mark Gold
  • Bronze Star 2016
  • TES School Award
  • Primary Geography Quality Mark
  • Primary Science Quality Mark
  • SSAT Educational Outcomes 2016
  • Autism Education Trust
  • School Games
  • Artsmark Silver Award
  • Eco-Schools
  • IQM centre of excellence
  • AfA Logo
  • Stonewall Education Champion